Lameness, which would appear to be the most obvious indicator of pain severity, is often not the most accurate assessment of the extent of injury.
Since we can’t ask our horses to fill in questionnaires or conduct interviews about their feelings, we don’t know if horses experience depression.
Cribbing is one of many stereotypies observed in numerous captive species, defined as ritualized, repetitive behaviour that appears to serve no purpose.
Horse industry professionals and amateurs admire equine courage, equine personality, and speak disparagingly of horses who are “gutless.”
In the final part of this series, equine psychologist Antonia Henderson looks at why we need to know our equine athletes better, discover what they need for their psychological well-being, and ensure that it happens.
Can you accurately identify equine psychological well being? In this first of a two-part series, equine psychologist Antonia Henderson explores why our own understanding of a horse's happiness is prone to error.
There are good reasons for trying to reduce equine stress levels. In this article, learn which products are available to do so.
Horses living in a natural social herd form intraspecific social hierarchies that serve to minimize aggression rather than exacerbate it.
With negative reinforcement, we achieve the desired behaviour by taking away something unpleasant. Keep reading for more information.
Horses play with each other with their teeth and hooves, and young horses have not yet learned that playing with humans similarly is not on the agenda.